National Platform of the Libertarian Party
Adopted in Convention, May 2004, Atlanta
As Libertarians, we seek a world of liberty; a
world in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives, and no one is
forced to sacrifice his or her values for the benefit of others.
We believe that respect for individual rights
is the essential precondition for a free and prosperous world, that force and
fraud must be banished from human relationships, and that only through freedom
can peace and prosperity be realized.
Consequently, we defend each person's right to
engage in any activity that is peaceful and honest, and welcome the diversity
that freedom brings. The world we seek to build is one where individuals are
free to follow their own dreams in their own ways, without interference from
government or any authoritarian power.
In the following pages we have set forth our
basic principles and enumerated various policy stands derived from those
These specific policies are not our goal,
however. Our goal is nothing more nor less than a world set free in our
lifetime, and it is to this end that we take these stands.
Table of Contents
Statement of Principles
Individual Rights and Civil
- FREEDOM AND
- VICTIMLESS CRIMES
- THE WAR ON DRUGS
- SAFEGUARDS FOR THE
- JUSTICE FOR THE
- GOVERNMENT AND MENTAL
- FREEDOM OF
- FREEDOM OF RELIGION
- THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY
- THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY
- GOVERNMENT SECRECY
- INTERNAL SECURITY
- THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND
- CONSCRIPTION AND THE
- FREEDOM OF
ASSOCIATION AND GOVERNMENT DISCRIMINATION
- WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND
- FAMILIES AND CHILDREN
- SEXUAL RIGHTS
- AMERICAN INDIAN
Trade and the Economy
- THE ECONOMY
- INFLATION AND
- FINANCE AND CAPITAL
- GOVERNMENT DEBT
- TRADE BARRIERS
- PUBLIC UTILITIES
- UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE
- CONSUMER PROTECTION
- POVERTY AND
- HEALTH CARE
- RESOURCE USE
- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY
AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)
- SOCIAL SECURITY
- POSTAL SERVICE
- CIVIL SERVICE
- ELECTION LAWS
A. Diplomatic Policy
- INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL
AND FOREIGN INVESTMENTS
- HUMAN RIGHTS
- WORLD GOVERNMENT
- MILITARY POLICY
- PRESIDENTIAL WAR
C. Economic Policy
- FOREIGN AID
- INTERNATIONAL MONEY
- UNOWNED RESOURCES
D. International Relations
- FOREIGN INTERVENTION
- SPACE EXPLORATION
Statement of Principles
We, the members of the Libertarian Party,
challenge the cult of the omnipotent state and defend the rights of the
We hold that all individuals have the right to
exercise sole dominion over their own lives, and have the right to live in
whatever manner they choose, so long as they do not forcibly interfere with the
equal right of others to live in whatever manner they choose.
Governments throughout history have regularly
operated on the opposite principle, that the State has the right to dispose of
the lives of individuals and the fruits of their labor. Even within the United
States, all political parties other than our own grant to government the right
to regulate the lives of individuals and seize the fruits of their labor without
We, on the contrary, deny the right of any
government to do these things, and hold that where governments exist, they must
not violate the rights of any individual: namely, (1) the right to life --
accordingly we support the prohibition of the initiation of physical force
against others; (2) the right to liberty of speech and action -- accordingly we
oppose all attempts by government to abridge the freedom of speech and press, as
well as government censorship in any form; and (3) the right to property --
accordingly we oppose all government interference with private property, such as
confiscation, nationalization, and eminent domain, and support the prohibition
of robbery, trespass, fraud, and misrepresentation.
Since governments, when instituted, must not
violate individual rights, we oppose all interference by government in the areas
of voluntary and contractual relations among individuals. People should not be
forced to sacrifice their lives and property for the benefit of others. They
should be left free by government to deal with one another as free traders; and
the resultant economic system, the only one compatible with the protection of
individual rights, is the free market.
- Individual Rights and Civil Order
No individual, group, or government may initiate force against any other
individual, group, or government.
- Freedom and Responsibility
Individuals should be free to make choices for themselves and to accept
responsibility for the consequences of the choices they make.
The appropriate way to suppress crime is through consistent and
impartial enforcement of laws that protect individual rights.
- Victimless Crimes
Only actions that infringe on the rights of others can properly be
- The War on Drugs
The War on Drugs is a grave threat to individual liberty, to domestic
order, and to peace in the world.
- Safeguards for the Criminally
Until such time as persons are proved guilty of crimes, they should be
accorded full respect for their individual rights.
- Justice for the Individual
We support restitution for the victim to the fullest degree possible at
the expense of the criminal or wrongdoer. We oppose the prosecution of
individuals for exercising their rights of self-defense.
We favor all-volunteer juries and urge the assertion of the common-law
right of juries to judge not only the facts but also the justice of the
- Individual Sovereignty
We favor an immediate end to the doctrine of "Sovereign
Immunity" which ignores the primacy of the individual, and holds
that the State may not be held accountable for its actions.
- Government and Mental Health
We oppose the involuntary treatment for mental health by health
officials or law enforcement.
- Freedom of Communication
We defend the rights of individuals to unrestricted freedom of speech,
freedom of the press, and the right of individuals to dissent from
- Freedom of Religion
We defend the rights of individuals to engage in or abstain from any
religious activities that do not violate the rights of others.
- The Right to Property
All rights are inextricably linked with property rights. Property rights
are entitled to the same protection as all other human rights.
- The Right to Privacy
The individual's rights to privacy, property, and to speak or not to
speak should not be infringed by the government.
- Government Secrecy
We condemn the government's use of secret classifications to keep from
the public information that it should have.
- Internal Security
The defense of the country requires that we counter threats to domestic
security; however, we call for repeal of legislation that violates
individual rights under the color of national security.
- The Right to Keep and Bear Arms
We affirm the right to keep and bear arms and oppose all laws at any
level of government restricting, regulating, or requiring the ownership,
manufacture, transfer, or sale of firearms or ammunition.
- Conscription and the Military
We oppose any form of compulsory national service.
We hold that human rights should not be denied or abridged on the basis
of nationality and welcome all refugees to our country.
- Freedom of Association and
Individual rights should not be denied or enhanced at the expense of
other people's rights by government.
- Women's Rights and Abortion
Individual rights should not be denied or abridged on the basis of sex.
Recognizing that abortion is a very sensitive issue and that people,
including libertarians, can hold good-faith views on both sides, we
believe the government should be kept out of the question.
- Families and Children
We believe that families are private institutions, which should be free
from government intrusion, and that parents have the right to raise
their children according to their own standards and beliefs.
- Sexual Rights
We believe that adults have the right to private choice in consensual
- American Indian Rights
American Indians should be free to determine their own system of
governance and should have their property rights restored.
- Trade and the Economy
The only proper role of existing governments in the economic realm is to
protect property rights, adjudicate disputes, and provide a legal framework
in which voluntary trade is protected.
- The Economy
Government intervention in the economy imperils both the personal freedom
and the material prosperity of every American.
All persons are entitled to keep the fruits of their labor. We oppose all
government activity that consists of the forcible collection of money or
goods from individuals in violation of their individual rights.
- Inflation and Depression
Government control over money and banking is the primary cause of
inflation and depression.
- Finance and Capital Investment
Regulation of financial and capital markets represses capital ventures.
- Government Debt
We support a constitutional amendment requiring government budgets be
balanced by cutting expenditures and not by raising taxes.
Government is the source of monopoly, through its grants of legal
privilege to special interests in the economy. We advocate a strict
separation of business and State.
The unrestricted competition of the free market is the best way to foster
prosperity. We oppose all government subsidies.
- Trade Barriers
Tariffs and quotas give special treatment to favored special interests and
diminish the welfare of consumers and other individuals.
- Public Utilities
We advocate the termination of government-created franchise privileges.
The right to offer services on the market should not be curtailed by law.
- Unions and Collective Bargaining
We support the right of free persons to associate or not associate in
labor unions. An employer should have the right to recognize or refuse to
recognize a union.
Current problems in such areas as energy, pollution, health care delivery,
decaying cities, and poverty are not solved, but are primarily caused, by
We oppose all government control of energy pricing, allocation, and
Pollution of other people's property is a violation of individual
rights. Strict liability, not government agencies and arbitrary
government standards, should regulate pollution.
- Consumer Protection
We support strong and effective laws against fraud and
We advocate the complete separation of education and State.
The American people are not a collective national resource. We oppose
all coercive measures for population control.
We support transit competition and deregulation.
- Poverty and Unemployment
We support the repeal of all laws that impede the ability of any person
to find employment. The proper source of aid to the poor is voluntary
efforts of private groups and individuals.
- Health Care
We favor restoring and reviving a free market health care system. We
advocate a complete separation of medicine and State.
- Resource Use
Resource management is properly the responsibility and right of the
legitimate owners of land, water, and other natural resources.
Farmers and consumers alike should be free from the meddling and
counterproductive measures of the federal government -- free to grow,
sell, and buy what they want.
- Occupational Safety and Health
We call for the repeal of OSHA, which denies the right to liberty and
property to both employer and employee and interferes in private
- Social Security
Replace the fraudulent, bankrupt Social Security system with a private,
- Postal Service
We propose allowing free competition in all aspects of postal service.
- Civil Service
The Civil Service system entrenches a permanent and growing bureaucracy
and is inherently a system of concealed patronage.
- Election Laws
We call for an end to government control of political parties,
consistent with First Amendment rights to freedom of association and
freedom of expression, and propose electoral systems that are more
We recognize the right to political secession by political entities,
private groups, or individuals.
The United States government should return to the historic libertarian
tradition of avoiding entangling alliances, abstaining totally from foreign
quarrels and imperialist adventures, and recognizing the right to
unrestricted trade and travel.
- Diplomatic Policy
The important principle in foreign policy should be the elimination
of intervention by the United States government in the affairs of
- International Travel and Foreign
We call upon the United States government to adhere rigidly to the
principle that all U.S. citizens travel, live, and own property
abroad at their own risk.
- Human Rights
We recognize the right of all people to resist tyranny and defend
themselves and their rights against governments or political and
- World Government
We oppose U.S. government participation in any world or
international government. We oppose any treaty under which
individual rights would be violated.
- Military Policy
Any U.S. military policy should have the objective of providing
security for the lives, liberty and property of the American people
in the U.S. as inexpensively as possible and without undermining the
liberties it is designed to protect.
- Presidential War Powers
We favor limiting the presidential role as Commander-in-Chief to its
original meaning, namely that of the head of the armed forces in
- Economic Policy
- Foreign Aid
We support the elimination of tax-supported military, economic,
technical, and scientific aid to foreign governments or other
- International Money
We favor withdrawal of the United States from all international
money and credit schemes, the World Bank, and the International
- Unowned Resources
Individuals have the right to homestead unowned resources, both
within the jurisdictions of national governments and within
- International Relations
We favor immediate self-determination for all people living in
colonial dependencies and the termination of subsidization of them
at taxpayers' expense.
- Foreign Intervention
We would end the current U.S. government policy of foreign
intervention, including military and economic aid, guarantees, and
diplomatic meddling. We make no exceptions.
- Space Exploration
We oppose all government restrictions upon voluntary, peaceful use
of outer space.
Our silence about any other particular government law, regulation,
ordinance, directive, edict, control, regulatory agency, activity, or
machination should not be construed to imply approval.
I. Individual Rights and Civil Order
No conflict exists between civil order and
individual rights. Both concepts are based on the same fundamental principle:
that no individual, group, or government may initiate force against any other
individual, group, or government.
Freedom and Responsibility
Personal responsibility is discouraged by government denying individuals the
opportunity to exercise it. In fact, the denial of freedom fosters
The Principle: Individuals should be free to make choices for
themselves and to accept responsibility for the consequences of the choices
they make. We must accept the right of others to choose for themselves if we
are to have the same right. Our support of an individual's right to make
choices in life does not mean that we necessarily approve or disapprove of
those choices. We believe people must accept personal responsibility for the
consequences of their actions.
Solutions: Libertarian policies will promote a society where people
are free to make and learn from their own decisions.
Transitional Actions: Repeal all laws that presume government knows
better than the individual how to run that person's life. Encourage private
sector dissemination of information to help consumers make informed
decisions on products and services. Enforce laws against fraud and
The continuing high level of violent crime -- and the government's
demonstrated inability to deal with it -- threatens the lives, happiness and
belongings of Americans. At the same time, governmental violations of rights
undermine people's sense of justice with regard to crime. Victimless crime
laws themselves violate individual rights and also breed genuine crime.
The Principle: The only justified function of government is the
protection of the lives, rights and property of its citizens.
Solutions: The appropriate way to suppress crime is through
consistent and impartial enforcement of laws that protect individual rights.
We applaud the trend toward private protection services and voluntary
community crime control groups.
Transitional Action: We call for an end to "hate crime"
laws that punish people for their thoughts and speech, distract us from real
crimes, and foster resentment by giving some individuals special status
under the law. Laws pertaining to "victimless crimes" should be
repealed. We support institutional changes, consistent with full respect for
the rights of the accused, which would permit victims to direct the
prosecution in criminal cases.
Activities which do not affect anyone but the actor have been criminalized
by government on the basis of encoding a particular morality into law.
The Principle: Only actions that infringe on the rights or damage the
property of others can properly be termed crimes.
Solutions: We favor the repeal of all federal, state and local laws
creating "crimes" without victims.
Transitional Action: In particular, we advocate:
A. the repeal of all laws prohibiting the production, sale, possession, or
use of drugs, and of all medicinal prescription requirements for the
purchase of vitamins, drugs, and similar substances; the repeal of all laws
restricting or prohibiting the use or sale of alcohol, requiring health
warning labels and signs, making bartenders or hosts responsible for the
behavior of customers and guests, making liquor companies liable for birth
defects, and making gambling houses liable for the losses of intoxicated
gamblers; the repeal of all laws or policies authorizing stopping drivers
without probable cause to test for alcohol or drug use; the repeal of all
laws regarding consensual sexual relations, including prostitution and
solicitation, and the cessation of state oppression and harassment of
homosexual men and women, that they, at last, be accorded their full rights
as individuals; the repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting the
possession, use, sale, production, or distribution of sexually explicit
material, independent of "socially redeeming value" or compliance
with "community standards";
B. the repeal of all laws regulating or prohibiting gambling;
C. the repeal of anti-racketeering statutes such as the Racketeer Influenced
and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), which punish peaceful behavior --
including insider trading in securities, sale of sexually explicit material,
and nonviolent anti-abortion protests -- by freezing and/or seizing assets
of the accused or convicted; and
D. the repeal of all laws interfering with the right to commit suicide as
infringements of the ultimate right of an individual to his or her own life.
We demand the use of executive pardon to free and exonerate all those
presently incarcerated or ever convicted solely for the commission of these
"crimes." We condemn the wholesale confiscation of property prior
to conviction by the state that all too often accompanies police raids,
searches, and prosecutions for victimless crimes. Further, we recognize
that, often, the Federal Government blackmails states which refuse to comply
with these laws by withholding funds and we applaud those states which
refuse to be so coerced.
The War on Drugs
The suffering that drug misuse has brought about is deplorable; however,
drug prohibition causes more harm than drugs themselves. The so-called
"War on Drugs" is in reality a war against the American people,
our Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It is a grave threat to individual
liberty, to domestic order and to peace in the world.
The Principle: Individuals should have the right to use drugs,
whether for medical or recreational purposes, without fear of legal
reprisals, but must be held legally responsible for the consequences of
their actions only if they violate others' rights.
Solutions: Social involvement by individuals is essential to address
the problem of substance misuse and abuse. Popular education and assistance
groups are a better approach than prohibition, and we support the activities
of private organizations as the best way to move forward on the issue.
Transitional Action: Repeal all laws establishing criminal or civil
penalties for the use of drugs. Repeal laws that infringe upon individual
rights to be secure in our persons, homes, and property as protected by the
Fourth Amendment. Stop the use of "anti-crime" measures such as
profiling or civil asset forfeiture that reduce the standard of proof
historically borne by government in prosecutions. Stop prosecuting accused
non-violent drug offenders, and pardon those previously convicted.
Safeguards for the Criminally Accused
Instant-punishment policies deprive the accused of important checks on
government power -- juries and the judicial process.
The Principle: Until such time as persons are proved guilty of
crimes, they should be accorded full respect for their individual rights. We
oppose any concept that some individuals are by nature second-class citizens
who only understand instant punishment and any claim that the police possess
special insight into recognizing persons in need of punishment. We oppose
reduction of constitutional safeguards of the rights of the criminally
Solutions: Cases must no longer be treated as "civil"
strictly to avoid the due process protections of criminal law. Government
must no longer be allowed to seize property for criminal offenses, prior to
civil or criminal proceedings. Full restitution must be made for all loss
suffered by persons arrested, indicted, tried, imprisoned, or otherwise
injured in the course of criminal proceedings against them that do not
result in their conviction. When they are responsible, government police
employees or agents must be liable for this restitution.
Transitional Action: Police officers must be prohibited from using
excessive force on the disorderly or the criminally accused, handing out
what they may consider to be instant punishments on the streets, or using
preventive detention and no-knock laws. The judicial system must be reformed
to allow criminal defendants and civil parties to a court action a
reasonable number of peremptory challenges to proposed judges, similar to
their right under the present system to challenge a proposed juror.
Justice for the Individual
The present system of criminal law is based almost solely on punishment with
little concern for the victim.
The Principle: The purpose of a justice system is to provide
restitution to those suffering a loss at the expense of those who caused
that loss. In the case of violent crimes, an additional purpose is to defend
society from the continued threat of violence.
Solutions: We support the following:
a) restitution for the victim to the fullest degree possible at the expense
of the criminal or wrongdoer;
b) an end to the prosecution of individuals for exercising their rights of
c.) an affirmation of the right of the victim to pardon the criminal or
wrongdoer, barring threats to the victim for this purpose.
Transitional Action: End all "no-fault" insurance laws,
which deprive the victim of the right to recover damages from those
responsible in the case of injury. Affirm the right of the victim to pardon
the criminal or wrongdoer, barring threats to the victim for this purpose.
Change rape laws so that cohabitation will no longer be a defense against a
charge of rape.
The right to a trial by a citizen jury is an important check on the
infringement of our rights by government. Current practice has seriously
eroded that protection.
The Principle: Juries should be composed of volunteers, not forced
jurors. In addition, the common-law right of juries, to judge not only the
facts but also the justice of the law, should be recognized and encouraged.
Solutions: In all cases to which the government is a party, the judge
should be required to inform the jurors of their common law right to judge
the law, as well as the facts, and to acquit a criminal defendant, and to
find against the government in a civil trial, whenever they deem the law
unjust or oppressive.
Transitional Action: End the practice in capital cases of excluding
jurors who are opposed to the death penalty (referred to as "death
qualification"), which denies capital defendants the right to a trial
before a jury representative of community values.
The government has placed itself in a position of superiority above its
citizens, has denied our rights under a policy of "compelling state
interest" (thereby becoming the primary threat to our rights, rather
than the protector of them), and has denied its citizens their right to sue
their government for redress of grievances, claiming a position of sovereign
Principle: The only legitimate use of force is in defense of
individual rights -- life, liberty, and justly acquired property -- against
aggression, whether by force or fraud. This right inheres in the individual,
who -- with his or her consent -- may be aided by any other individual or
group. The right of defense extends to defense against aggressive acts of
Solutions: Government must be returned to its proper role as
protector of rights, and once again be made accountable for its actions to
the individual citizen. Individual elected officials and bureaucrats must be
held accountable if their actions directly violate the rights of individual
Transitional Action: We advocate an immediate end to the doctrine of
"Sovereign Immunity" which ignores the primacy of the individual
over the abstraction of the State, and holds that the State, contrary to the
tradition of redress of grievances, may not be sued without its permission
or held accountable for its actions under civil law.
Government and Mental Health
Individuals are forcibly medicated or denied medication, not based on
medical need, but based rather on a social agenda as enforced by government.
The Principle: Medication must be voluntary.
Solutions: We oppose the involuntary commitment of any person to or
involuntary treatment in a mental institution. We strongly condemn
Involuntary Outpatient Commitment (IOC), where the patient is ordered to
accept treatment, or else be committed to a mental institution and forcibly
treated. We oppose government pressure requiring parents to obtain
counseling or psychiatric drugs for their children. We also oppose forced
treatment for the elderly, the head-injured, or those with diminished
capacity. We are against the invasion of people's homes and privacy by
health officials or law enforcement to either require or deny drug taking.
Transitional Action: We advocate an end to the spending of tax money
for any program of psychiatric, psychological, or behavioral research or
treatment. We favor an end to the acceptance of criminal defenses based on
"insanity" or "diminished capacity" which absolve the
guilty of their responsibility.
Freedom of Communication
The Issue: We
oppose any abridgment of the freedom of speech through government
censorship, regulation or control of communications media, including, but
not limited to, laws concerning:
a) Obscenity, including "pornography", as we hold this to be an
abridgment of liberty of expression despite claims that it instigates rape
or assault, or demeans and slanders women;
b) Reception and storage equipment, such as digital audio tape recorders and
radar warning devices, and the manufacture of video terminals by telephone
c) Electronic bulletin boards, communications networks, and other
interactive electronic media as we hold them to be the functional equivalent
of speaking halls and printing presses in the age of electronic
communications, and as such deserving of full freedom;
d) Electronic newspapers, electronic "Yellow Pages", file
libraries, websites, and other new information media, as these deserve full
e) Commercial speech or advertising. We oppose speech codes at all schools
that are primarily tax funded. Language that is deemed offensive to certain
groups is not a cause for legal action.
We strongly oppose the government's burgeoning practice of invading
newsrooms, or the premises of other innocent third parties, in the name of
law enforcement. We further oppose court orders gagging news coverage of
criminal proceedings -- the right to publish and broadcast must not be
abridged merely for the convenience of the judicial system. We deplore any
efforts to impose thought control on the media, either by the use of
anti-trust laws, or by any other government action in the name of stopping
"bias." The Principle: We defend the rights of individuals
to unrestricted freedom of speech, freedom of the press and the right of
individuals to dissent from government itself. We recognize that full
freedom of expression is possible only as part of a system of full property
rights. The freedom to use one's own voice; the freedom to hire a hall; the
freedom to own a printing press, a broadcasting station, or a transmission
cable; the freedom to host and publish information on the Internet; the
freedom to wave or burn one's own flag; and similar property-based freedoms
are precisely what constitute freedom of communication. At the same time, we
recognize that freedom of communication does not extend to the use of other
people's property to promote one's ideas without the voluntary consent of
Solutions: We would provide for free market ownership of airwave
frequencies, deserving of full First Amendment protection. We oppose
government ownership or subsidy of, or funding for, any communications
organization. Removal of all of these regulations and practices throughout
the communications media would open the way to diversity and innovation. We
shall not be satisfied until the First Amendment is expanded to protect
full, unconditional freedom of communication.
Transitional Action: We advocate the abolition of the Federal
Freedom of Religion
Government routinely invades personal privacy rights based solely on
individuals' religious beliefs. Arbitrary tax structures are designed to
give aid to certain religions, and deny it to others.
Principle: We defend the rights of individuals to engage in (or
abstain from) any religious activities that do not violate the rights of
Solution: In order to defend freedom, we advocate a strict separation
of church and State. We oppose government actions that either aid or attack
any religion. We oppose taxation of church property for the same reason that
we oppose all taxation. We condemn the attempts by parents or any others --
via kidnappings or conservatorships -- to force children to conform to any
religious views. Government harassment or obstruction of religious groups
for their beliefs or non-violent activities must end.
Transitional Action: We call for an end to the harassment of churches
by the Internal Revenue Service through threats to deny tax-exempt status to
churches that refuse to disclose massive amounts of information about
The Right to Property
We oppose all violations of the right to private property, liberty of
contract, and freedom of trade, especially those done in the name of
national security. We also condemn current government efforts to regulate or
ban the use of property in the name of aesthetic values, risk, moral
standards, cost-benefit estimates, or the promotion or restriction of
economic growth. We specifically condemn all government interference in the
operation of private businesses, such as restaurants and airlines, by either
requiring or prohibiting designated smoking or non-smoking areas for their
employees or their customers. The taxation of privately owned real property
actually makes the State the owner of all lands and forces individuals to
rent their homes and places of business from the State. We condemn attempts
to employ eminent domain to municipalize sports teams or to try to force
them to stay in their present location.
The Principle: There is no conflict between property rights and human
rights. Indeed, property rights are the rights of humans with respect to
property, and as such, are entitled to the same respect and protection as
all other human rights. All rights are inextricably linked with property
rights. Such rights as the freedom from involuntary servitude as well as the
freedom of speech and the freedom of press are based on self-ownership. Our
bodies are our property every bit as much as is justly acquired land or
material objects. The owners of property have the full right to control,
use, dispose of -- or in any manner enjoy -- their property without
interference, until and unless the exercise of their control infringes the
valid rights of others.
Solutions: We demand an end to the taxation of privately owned real
property. Where property, including land, has been taken from its rightful
owners by the government or private action in violation of individual
rights, we favor restitution to the rightful owners.
Transitional Action: Repeal property tax laws and force government to
fund property protection services with user fees.
The Right to Privacy
Privacy protections have been eroded gradually over many years. The Social
Security Number has become a universal ID number, causing rampant and
massive identity theft. Government routinely keeps records on the bank
accounts, travel plans, and spending habits of law-abiding civilians, for no
other reason than they "might" commit a crime in the future.
The Principle: The individual's right to privacy, property, and right
to speak or not to speak should not be infringed by the government. The
government should not use electronic or other means of covert surveillance
of an individual's actions or private property without the consent of the
owner or occupant. Correspondence, bank and other financial transactions and
records, doctors' and lawyers' communications, employment records, and the
like should not be open to review by government without the consent of all
parties involved in those actions.
Private contractual arrangements, including labor contracts, must be founded
on mutual consent and agreement in a society that upholds freedom of
association. On the other hand, we oppose any use of such screening by
government or regulations requiring government contractors to impose any
Solutions: We support the protections provided by the Fourth
Amendment and oppose any government use of search warrants to examine or
seize materials belonging to innocent third parties. We oppose all
restrictions and regulations on the private development, sale, and use of
encryption technology. We specifically oppose any requirement for disclosure
of encryption methods or keys, including the government's proposals for
so-called "key escrow" which is truly government access to keys,
and any requirement for use of government-specified devices or protocols. We
also oppose government classification of civilian research on encryption
methods. If a private employer screens prospective or current employees via
questionnaires, polygraph tests, urine tests for drugs, blood tests for
AIDS, or other means, this is a condition of that employer's labor
contracts. Such screening does not violate the rights of employees, who have
the right to boycott such employers if they choose. We oppose the issuance
by the government of an identity card, to be required for any purpose, such
as employment, voting, or border crossing. We further oppose the nearly
universal requirement for use of the Social Security Number as a personal
identification code, whether by government agencies or by intimidation of
private companies by governments.
Transitional Action: We also oppose police roadblocks aimed at
randomly, and without probable cause, testing drivers for intoxication and
police practices to stop mass transit vehicles and search passengers without
probable cause. So long as the National Census and all federal, state, and
other government agencies' compilations of data on an individual continue to
exist, they should be conducted only with the consent of the persons from
whom the data is sought. We oppose government regulations that require
employers to provide health insurance coverage for employees, which often
encourage unnecessary intrusions by employers into the privacy of their
We condemn the government's use of secret classifications to keep from the
public information that it should have.
The Principle: Government is the servant of the individuals who own
this country; withholding information that the public has a right to know is
dishonest, deceptive and a perversion of the proper relationship between
government and its employers.
Solutions: We favor substituting the present secrecy system with one
in which no individual may be convicted for violating government secrecy
classifications unless the government discharges its burden of proving that
the publication either:
a.) Violated the right of privacy of those who have been coerced into
revealing confidential or proprietary information to government agents; or
b.) Disclosed defensive military plans so as to materially impair the
capabilities to respond to attack. It should always be a defense to such
prosecution that information divulged shows that the government has violated
Transitional Action: Abolish the entrenched system of classification
of information except for all matters that pass a private sector citizen
review board and are determined as true national security.
Lacking appropriate citizen oversight, government bureaucracies have
deprived citizens of their privacy, property, and freedom, under the
pretense that such action is necessary to protect us from our enemies. Such
actions include the suspension of the right of habeas corpus during the
Civil War, the internment of Japanese-American citizens during World War II,
the Patriot Act and the classification of "enemy combatants"
The Principle: The rights of due process, a speedy trial, legal
counsel, trial by jury, the legal presumption of innocence until proven
guilty, personal privacy, the freedoms of assembly, expression and religion;
and other individual liberties and rights must not be denied on the basis of
national security. The Bill of Rights provides no exceptions for a time of
Solutions: Wherever possible, private security agencies should
replace public institutions. Agencies, public or private, duly constituted
to preserve the security of the nation must be subject to independent
oversight, accountable to the citizenry whom they serve, and subject to the
law, including full responsibility for any violations of individual rights.
Individual awareness of the requirements of security must be the ultimate
supplement to any public protection.
Transitional Action: We opposed the establishment of a new cabinet
level Department of Homeland Security and now call for its elimination.
Abolish the subpoena power as used by Congressional committees against
individuals or firms. We oppose any efforts to revive the House Internal
Security Committee (or its predecessor the House Committee on Un-American
Activities), and call for the destruction of its files on private
individuals and groups. We also call for the abolition of the Senate
Subcommittee on Internal Security. Intelligence and law enforcement agencies
like the CIA, NSA, and FBI must be prevented from abusing individual rights
or else be abolished.
The Right to Keep and Bear Arms
Governments at all levels often violate their citizens' right of self
defense with laws that restrict, limit or outright prohibit the ownership
and use of firearms. These "gun control" laws are often justified
by the mistaken premise that they will lead to a reduction in the level of
violence in our society.
The Principle: The Bill of Rights recognizes that an armed citizenry
is essential to a free society. We affirm the right to keep and bear arms.
Solutions: We oppose all laws at any level of government restricting,
regulating or requiring the ownership, manufacture, transfer or sale of
firearms or ammunition. We oppose all laws requiring registration of
firearms or ammunition. We support repeal of all gun control laws. We demand
the immediate abolition of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.
Transition: We oppose any government efforts to ban or restrict the
use of tear gas, "mace" or other self-protection devices. We
further oppose all attempts to ban weapons or ammunition on the grounds that
they are risky or unsafe. We favor the repeal of laws banning the
concealment of weapons or prohibiting pocket weapons. We also oppose the
banning of inexpensive handguns ("Saturday night specials") and
semi-automatic or so-called assault weapons and their magazines or feeding
Conscription and the Military
We oppose any form of national service, including conscription into the
military, a compulsory youth labor program, or any other kind of coerced
The Principle: Impressment of individuals into the armed forces is
Solutions: Recognizing that registration is the first step toward
full conscription, we oppose all attempts at compulsory registration of any
person and all schemes for automatic registration through government
invasions of the privacy of school, motor vehicle, or other records. We call
for the abolition of the still-functioning elements of the Selective Service
System. We call for the destruction of all files in computer-readable or
hard-copy form compiled by the Selective Service System. We oppose adding
women to the pool of those eligible for and subject to the draft, not
because we think that as a rule women are unfit for combat, but because we
believe that this step enlarges the number of people subjected to government
Transitional Action: We call for the immediate and unconditional
exoneration of all who have been accused or convicted of draft evasion,
desertion from the military in cases of conscription or fraud, and other
acts of resistance to such transgressions as imperialistic wars and
aggressive acts of the military. Members of the military should have the
same right to quit their jobs as other persons.
We call for the end of the Defense Department practice of discharging armed
forces personnel for homosexual conduct. We further call for retraction of
all less-than-honorable discharges previously assigned for such reasons and
deletion of such information from military personnel files. We recommend the
repeal of the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the recognition and equal
protection of the rights of armed forces members. This will thereby promote
morale, dignity, and a sense of justice within the military.
We welcome all refugees to our country and condemn the efforts of U.S.
officials to create a new "Berlin Wall" which would keep them
captive. We condemn the U.S. government's policy of barring those refugees
from our country and preventing Americans from assisting their passage to
help them escape tyranny or improve their economic prospects.
The Principle: We hold that human rights should not be denied or
abridged on the basis of nationality. Undocumented non-citizens should not
be denied the fundamental freedom to labor and to move about unmolested.
Furthermore, immigration must not be restricted for reasons of race,
religion, political creed, age or sexual preference. We oppose government
welfare and resettlement payments to non-citizens just as we oppose
government welfare payments to all other persons.
Solutions: We condemn massive roundups of Hispanic Americans and
others by the federal government in its hunt for individuals not possessing
required government documents. We strongly oppose all measures that punish
employers who hire undocumented workers. Such measures repress free
enterprise, harass workers, and systematically discourage employers from
Transitional Action: We call for the elimination of all restrictions
on immigration, the abolition of the Immigration and Naturalization Service
and the Border Patrol, and a declaration of full amnesty for all people who
have entered the country illegally.
Freedom of Association and Government
Discrimination imposed by government has caused a multitude of problems.
Anti-discrimination laws create the same problems.
The Principle: Individual rights should not be denied, abridged or
enhanced at the expense of other people's rights by laws at any level of
government based on sex, wealth, race, color, creed, age, national origin,
personal habits, political preference or sexual orientation. The right to
trade includes the right not to trade -- for any reasons whatsoever. The
right of association includes the right not to associate, for exercise of
this right depends upon mutual consent.
Solutions: While we do not advocate private discrimination, we do not
support any laws which attempt to limit or ban it.
Transitional Action: We support repealing any laws imposing
discrimination by government, rather than extending them to all individuals.
Women's Rights and Abortion
Recognizing that abortion is a very sensitive issue and that people,
including libertarians, can hold good-faith views on both sides, we believe
the government should be kept out of the question. We condemn state-funded
and state-mandated abortions. It is particularly harsh to force someone who
believes that abortion is murder to pay for another's abortion.
The Principle: We hold that individual rights should not be denied or
abridged on the basis of sex. It is the right and obligation of the pregnant
woman, not the state, to decide the desirability or appropriateness of
prenatal testing, Caesarean births, fetal surgery, voluntary surrogacy
arrangements and/or home births.
Solutions: We oppose all laws likely to impose restrictions on free
choice and private property or to widen tyranny through reverse
Transitional Action: We call for repeal of all laws discriminating
against women, such as protective labor laws and marriage or divorce laws
which deny the full rights of men and women.
Families and Children
Government involvement in traditional parenting responsibilities has
weakened families and replaced family-taught morals with government-taught
The Principle: Families and households are private institutions,
which should be free from government intrusion and interference. Parents, or
other guardians, have the right to raise their children according to their
own standards and beliefs, without interference by government -- unless they
are abusing the children. Because parents have these rights, a child may not
be able to fully exercise his or her rights in the context of family life.
However, children always have the right to establish their maturity by
assuming administration and protection of their own rights, ending
dependency upon their parents or other guardians, and assuming all
responsibilities of adulthood. A child is a human being and, as such,
deserves to be treated justly.
Parents have no right to abandon or recklessly endanger their children.
Whenever they are unable or unwilling to raise their children, they have the
obligation to find other person(s) willing to assume guardianship.
Solutions: We recognize that the determination of child abuse can be
very difficult. Only local courts should be empowered to remove a child from
his or her home, with the consent of the community. This is not meant to
preclude appropriate action when a child is in immediate physical danger.
Transitional Action: We would repeal all laws that impede these
processes, notably those restricting private adoption services. In
particular, we call for the repeal of all laws restricting transracial
adoption. We oppose laws infringing on children's rights to work or learn,
such as child labor laws and compulsory education laws. We also oppose the
use of curfews based on age.
We call for an end to the practice in many states of jailing children not
accused of any crime. We call for repeal of all "children's codes"
or statutes which abridge due process protections for young people.
Government has presumed to decide acceptability over sexual practices in
personal relationships, imposing a particular code of moral and social
values and displacing personal choice in such matters.
The Principle: Adults have the right to private choice in consensual
Solutions: We advocate an end to all government attempts to dictate,
prohibit, control or encourage any private lifestyle, living arrangement or
Transitional Action: We would repeal existing laws and policies
intended to condemn, affirm, encourage or deny sexual lifestyles, or any set
of attitudes about such lifestyles.
American Indian Rights
The rights of American Indians have been usurped over the years.
The Principle: Individuals should be free to select their own
citizenship, and tribes should be free to select the level of autonomy the
Solutions: Indians should have their property rights restored,
including rights of easement, access, hunting, and fishing.
Transition: The Bureau of Indian Affairs should be abolished leaving
tribal members to determine their own system of governance. Negotiations
should be undertaken to resolve all outstanding differences between the
tribes and the government.
II. Trade and the Economy
We believe that each person has the
right to offer goods and services to others on the free market. Therefore
we oppose all intervention by government into the area of economics. The
only proper role of existing governments in the economic realm is to
protect property rights, adjudicate disputes, and provide a legal
framework in which voluntary trade is protected.
Efforts to forcibly redistribute wealth
or forcibly manage trade are intolerable. Government manipulation of the
economy creates an entrenched privileged class -- those with access to tax
money -- and an exploited class -- those who are net taxpayers.
We believe that all individuals have the
right to dispose of the fruits of their labor as they see fit and that
government has no right to take such wealth. We oppose government-enforced
charity such as welfare programs and subsidies, but we heartily applaud
those individuals and private charitable organizations that help the needy
and contribute to a wide array of worthwhile causes through voluntary
Government intervention in the economy imperils both the personal
freedom and the material prosperity of every American.
The Principle: The free market, which respects individual rights
in voluntary trade with other individuals, should be allowed to function
unhindered by government. The only proper role of government in the
economic realm is to protect property rights, adjudicate disputes and
provide a legal framework in which voluntary trade is protected.
Solutions: To ensure the economic freedom and enhance the
economic well-being of Americans, we would implement the following
a. Dramatic reductions in both taxes and government spending;
b. An end to deficit budgets;
c. A halt to inflationary monetary policies;
d. The elimination of all government impediments to free trade; and
e. The repeal of all controls on wages, prices, rents, profits,
production and interest rates.
Transitional Action: We call for the repeal of the income tax,
the abolishment of the Internal Revenue Service and all federal programs
and services not required under the US Constitution.
Government manipulation of the economy creates an entrenched privileged
class -- those with access to tax money -- and an exploited class --
those who are net taxpayers.
The Principle: All persons are entitled to keep the fruits of
their labor. Government activity should not include the forcible
collection of money or goods from individuals in violation of their
individual rights. No tax can ever be fair, simple or neutral to the
Solutions: Specifically, we: a.) support the right of any
individual to challenge the payment of taxes on moral, religious, legal
or constitutional grounds; b.) oppose all personal and corporate income
taxation, including capital gains taxes; c.) support the repeal of the
Sixteenth Amendment, and oppose any increase in existing tax rates and
the imposition of any new taxes; d.) support the repeal of all taxation;
and e.) support a declaration of unconditional amnesty for all those
individuals who have been convicted of, or who now stand accused of, tax
resistance. We oppose as involuntary servitude any legal requirements
forcing employers or business owners to serve as tax collectors for
federal, state, or local tax agencies. We oppose any and all increases
in the rate of taxation or categories of taxpayers, including the
elimination of deductions, exemptions or credits in the spurious name of
"fairness," "simplicity," or alleged
"neutrality to the free market."
Transitional Action: As an interim measure, all criminal and
civil sanctions against tax evasion should be terminated immediately. In
the current fiscal crisis of states and municipalities, default is
preferable to raising taxes or perpetual refinancing of growing public
Inflation and Depression
Government control over money and banking is the primary cause of
inflation and depression.
The Principle: Individuals engaged in voluntary exchange should
be free to use as money any mutually agreeable commodity or item, such
as gold coins denominated by units of weight. We support the right to
private ownership of and contracts for gold.
Solutions: We call for the repeal of all legal tender laws and of
all compulsory governmental units of account, as well as the elimination
of all government fiat money and all government minted coins. All
restrictions upon the private minting of coins must be abolished, so
that minting will be open to the competition of the free market. We
favor free-market banking, with unrestricted competition among banks and
depository institutions of all types. The only further necessary check
upon monetary inflation is the consistent application of the general
protection against fraud to the minting and banking industries.
Transitional Action: We call for the abolition of the Federal
Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National
Banking System, and all similar national and state interventions
affecting banking and credit. Our opposition encompasses all controls on
the rate of interest. We also call for the abolition of the Federal Home
Loan Bank System, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the National Credit
Union Administration, the National Credit Union Central Liquidity
Facility, and all similar national and state interventions affecting
savings and loan associations, credit unions, and other depository
institutions. To complete the separation of bank and state, we favor the
Jacksonian independent treasury system, in which all government funds
are held by the government itself and not deposited in any private
banks. Pending its abolition, the Federal Reserve System, in order to
halt inflation, must immediately cease its expansion of the quantity of
money. As interim measures, we further support: a.) the lifting of all
restrictions on branch banking; b.) the repeal of all state usury laws;
c.) the removal of all remaining restrictions on the interest paid for
deposits; d.) the elimination of laws setting margin requirements on
purchases and sales of securities; e.) the revocation of all other
selective credit controls; f.) the abolition of Federal Reserve control
over the reserves of non-member banks and other depository institutions;
and g.) the lifting of the prohibition of domestic deposits denominated
in foreign currencies.
Finance and Capital Investment
Government regulation of capital markets inhibits investment, and
creates marketplace advantage for those with political access, through
exemptions to laws against fraud and breach of contract.
The Principle: Free markets should operate unhindered by
government regulation, while government should punish fraud, theft and
contractual breach without exception.
Solutions: We call for the abolition of all regulation of
financial and capital markets. What should be punished is the theft of
information or breach of contract to hold information in confidence, not
trading on the basis of valuable knowledge.
Transitional Action: We call for the abolition of the Securities
and Exchange Commission, of state "Blue Sky" laws which
repress small and risky capital ventures, and of all federal regulation
of commodity markets. We oppose any attempts to ban or regulate
investing in stock-market index futures or new financial instruments
which may emerge in the future. We call for repeal of all laws based on
the muddled concept of insider trading. We support the right of third
parties to make stock purchase tender offers to stockholders over the
opposition of entrenched management, and oppose all laws restricting
Government debt forces individuals to assume debt that they did not
choose to incur; distorts capital markets and rates and ruins the
The Principle: Government must not incur debt, nor should it be
allowed to hold assets, for these are debts incumbent on and assets
taken away from the individuals of this country.
Solutions: We support the drive for a constitutional amendment
requiring the national government to balance its budget, and also
support similar amendments to require balanced state budgets. To be
effective, a balanced budget amendment should provide:
a. that neither Congress nor the President be permitted to override this
b. that all off-budget items are included in the budget;
c. that the budget is balanced exclusively by cutting expenditures, and
not by raising taxes; and
d. that no exception be made for periods of national emergency.
Governments facing fiscal crises should always default in preference to
Transitional Action: The Federal Reserve must be forbidden to
acquire any additional government securities, thereby helping to
eliminate the inflationary aspect of the deficit. At a minimum, the
level of government should be frozen.
We recognize that government is the source of monopoly, through its
grants of legal privilege to special interests in the economy.
The Principle: Anti-trust laws do not prevent monopoly, but
foster it by limiting competition. We defend the right of individuals to
form corporations, cooperatives and other types of companies based on
Solutions: We condemn all coercive monopolies. In order to
abolish them, we advocate a strict separation of business and State.
Laws of incorporation should not include grants of monopoly privilege.
In particular, we would eliminate special limits on the liability of
corporations for damages caused in non-contractual transactions. We also
oppose state or federal limits on the size of private companies and on
the right of companies to merge. We further oppose efforts, in the name
of social responsibility or any other reason, to expand federal
chartering of corporations into a pretext for government control of
Transitional Solutions: We call for the repeal of all anti-trust
laws, including the Robinson-Patman Act, which restricts price
discounts, and the Sherman and Clayton Anti-Trust acts. We further call
for the abolition of both the Federal Trade Commission and the
anti-trust division of the Department of Justice.
The unrestricted competition of the free market is the best way to
The Principle: In order to achieve a free economy, in which
government victimizes no one for the benefit of any other, we oppose all
government subsidies to business, labor, education, agriculture,
science, broadcasting, the arts, sports, or any other special interest.
In particular, we condemn any effort to forge an alliance between
government and business under the guise of
"reindustrialization" or "industrial policy." Relief
or exemption from taxation or from any other involuntary government
intervention, however, should not be considered a subsidy.
Solutions: We call for the abolition of the Federal Financing
Bank, the most important national agency subsidizing special interests
with government loans. We also oppose all government guarantees of
so-called private loans. Such guarantees transfer resources to special
interests as effectively as actual government expenditures and, at the
national level, exceed direct government loans in total amount.
Taxpayers must never bear the cost of default upon government-guaranteed
loans. All national, state and local government agencies whose primary
function is to guarantee loans -- including the Federal Housing
Administration, the Rural Electrification Administration and the Small
Business Administration -- must be abolished or privatized. Furthermore,
the loans of government-sponsored enterprises, even when not guaranteed
by the government, constitute another form of subsidy. All such
enterprises -- the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal
National Mortgage Association, the Farm Credit Administration, and the
Student Loan Marketing Association -- must either be abolished or
Transitional Action: We oppose any resumption of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation, or any similar plan that would force
the taxpayer to subsidize or sustain any enterprise.
Tariffs and quotas serve only to give special treatment to favored
special interests and to diminish the welfare of consumers and other
individuals, as do point-of-origin or content regulation. These measures
also reduce the scope of contracts and understanding among different
The Principle: Individuals trading with individuals in other
nations, voluntarily, should be the sole source of regulation of
international free markets. All trade barriers are unnecessary and
Solutions: We support abolition of all trade barriers and all
government-sponsored export- promotion programs, as well as the U.S.
International Trade Commission and the U.S. Court of International
Trade. We affirm this as a unilateral policy, independent of the trade
policies of other nations.
Transitional Action: We advocate a complete and unilateral
withdrawal of the United States from all international trade agreements,
including the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
We believe government involvement in the provision of utilities has
weakened our free market and limited the development and availability of
state of the art services.
The Principle: The right to offer, on the market, such services
as garbage collection, fire protection, electricity, natural gas, cable
television, telephone, or water supplies should not be curtailed by law.
Solutions: We advocate the termination of government-created
franchise privileges and governmental monopolies for such services.
Transitional Action: All rate regulation in industries providing
these services should be abolished.
Unions and Collective Bargaining
Government interference in the employer/employee relationship has
imposed undue burdens on our economy, destroying the rights of both to
contract in the free market.
The Principle: We support the right of free persons to
voluntarily establish, associate in, or not associate in, labor unions.
An employer should have the right to recognize, or refuse to recognize,
a union as the collective bargaining agent of some, or all, of its
Solutions: We oppose government interference in bargaining, such
as compulsory arbitration or the imposition of an obligation to bargain.
Therefore, we urge repeal of the National Labor Relations Act, and all
state right-to-work laws which prohibit employers from making voluntary
contracts with unions. We oppose all government back-to-work orders as
the imposition of a form of forced labor.
Transitional Action: Government-mandated waiting periods for
closure of factories or businesses hurt, rather than help, the
wage-earner. We support all efforts to benefit workers, owners and
management by keeping government out of this area. Workers and employers
should have the right to organize secondary boycotts if they so choose.
Nevertheless, boycotts or strikes do not justify the initiation of
violence against other workers, employers, strike-breakers and innocent
III. Domestic Ills
Current problems in such areas as
energy, pollution, health care delivery, decaying cities, and poverty are
not solved, but are primarily caused, by government. The welfare state,
supposedly designed to aid the poor, is in reality a growing and parasitic
burden on all productive people, and injures, rather than benefits, the
Government regulation of the energy industry has resulted in high
prices, shortages, lack of competition, stunted exploration and
development of alternative energy sources, and displaced responsibility
for wrongdoing in the energy markets, while granting advantage in
existing markets to those with political access.
The Principle: We favor the creation of a free market in oil by
instituting full property rights in underground oil and by the repeal of
all government controls over output in the petroleum industry. Any
nuclear power industry must meet the test of a free market. Full
liability -- not government agencies -- should regulate nuclear power.
We oppose all government control of energy pricing, allocation, and
production, such as that imposed by the Department of Energy, state
public utility commissions, and state pro-rationing agencies. We oppose
the creation of any emergency mobilization agency in the energy field,
which would wield dictatorial powers in order to override normal legal
Solutions: All government-owned energy resources should be turned
over to private ownership. Nuclear energy should be denationalized and
the industry's assets transferred to the private sector. We oppose all
government subsidies for energy research, development, and operation. We
oppose all direct and indirect government participation in the nuclear
energy industry, including subsidies, research and development funds,
guaranteed loans, waste disposal subsidies, and federal uranium
Transitional Action: The Nuclear Regulatory Commission should be
abolished. The Price-Anderson Act, through which the government limits
liability for nuclear accidents and furnishes partial payment at
taxpayer expense, should be repealed. We support abolition of the
Department of Energy and the abolition of its component agencies,
without their transfer elsewhere in the government. We oppose all
government conservation schemes through the use of taxes, subsidies and
regulation. We oppose the "strategic storage" program, any
attempt to compel national self-sufficiency in oil, any extension of
cargo preference law to imports and any attempt to raise oil tariffs or
impose oil import quotas.
Toxic waste disposal problems have been created by government policies
that separate liability from property. Present legal principles,
particularly the unjust and false concept of "public
property," block privatization of the use of the environment and
hence block resolution of controversies over resource use. We condemn
the EPA's Superfund whose taxing powers are used to penalize all
chemical firms, regardless of their conduct. Such clean-ups are a
subsidy of irresponsible companies at the expense of responsible ones.
The Principle: Pollution of other people's property is a
violation of individual rights. Strict liability, not government
agencies and arbitrary government standards, should regulate pollution.
Claiming that one has abandoned a piece of property does not absolve one
of the responsibility for actions one has set in motion.
Solutions: We support the development of an objective legal
system defining property rights to air and water. Rather than making
taxpayers pay for toxic waste clean-ups, individual property owners, or
in the case of corporations, the responsible managers and employees
should be held strictly liable for material damage done by their
Transitional Action: We call for a modification of the laws
governing such torts as trespass and nuisance to cover damages done by
air, water, radiation, and noise pollution. We oppose legislative
proposals to exempt persons who claim damage from radiation from having
to prove such damage was in fact caused by radiation. We demand the
abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency. We also oppose
government-mandated smoking and non-smoking areas in privately owned
Government consumer protection regulation restricts the competition of
the free market and replaces the individual's right to make independent
choices with government-determined, "one size fits all"
The Principle: Consumer demand rather than legislative mandate
should drive consumer safety and protection. We support strong and
effective laws against fraud and misrepresentation. However, we oppose
paternalistic regulations, which dictate to consumers, impose prices,
define standards for products, or otherwise restrict risk-taking and
Solutions: We encourage consumer activism that would boycott and
economically sanction those businesses that adversely affect human
health and/or damage the environment, passing costs on to the general
public. We look to independent entities such as Underwriters
Laboratories, Consumer Reports and other testing organizations as models
for grassroots consumer-driven certification.
Transitional Action: End governmental interference in consumer
affairs by eliminating the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the
Federal Aviation Administration, the Food and Drug Administration and
other ineffective governmental organizations. Repeal laws mandating use
of safety equipment such as seat belts or crash helmets, which can be
more effectively driven by consumer action in the marketplace.
Government schools lead to the indoctrination of children and interfere
with the free choice of individuals. Compulsory education lawsâ€¦ spawn
prison-like schools with many of the problems associated with prisonsâ€¦
The Principle: Education, like any other service, is best
provided by the free market, achieving greater quality and efficiency
with more diversity of choice.
Solutions: We advocate the complete separation of education and
State. Government ownership, operation, regulation, and subsidy of
schools and colleges should be ended. We call for the repeal of the
guarantees of tax-funded, government-provided education, which are found
in most state constitutions. We condemn compulsory education lawsâ€¦and
we call for an immediate repeal of such laws. Until government
involvement in education is ended, we support elimination, within the
governmental school system, of forced busing and corporal punishment. We
further support immediate reduction of tax support for schools, and
removal of the burden of school taxes from those not responsible for the
education of children.
Transitional Action: As an interim measure to encourage the
growth of private schools and variety in education, including home
schooling, we support tax credits for tuition and other expenditures
related to an individual's education. We likewise favor tax credits for
child care and oppose nationalization of the child-care industry. We
oppose denial of tax-exempt status to schools because of those schools'
private policies on hiring, admissions and student deportment. We
support the repeal of all taxes on the income or property of private
schools, whether profit or non-profit.
We regard the tragedies caused by unplanned, unwanted pregnancies to be
aggravated, if not created, by government policies of censorship,
restriction, regulation and prohibition.
The Principle: The American people are not a collective national
resource. We oppose all coercive measures for population control.
Solutions: We oppose government actions that either compel or
prohibit abortion, sterilization or any other forms of birth control.
Specifically, we condemn the vicious practice of forced sterilization of
welfare recipients or of mentally retarded or "genetically
defective" individuals. We call for the repeal of all laws that
restrict anyone, including children, from engaging in voluntary
exchanges of goods, services or information regarding human sexuality,
reproduction, birth control or related medical or biological
technologies. We equally oppose government laws and policies that
restrict the opportunity to choose alternatives to abortion.
Transitional Action: We support an end to all subsidies for
childbearing built into our present laws, including welfare plans and
the provision of tax-supported services for children. We urge the
elimination of special tax burdens on single people and couples with few
or no children.
Government interference in transportation is characterized by
monopolistic restriction, corruption and gross inefficiency. We condemn
the re-cartelization of commercial aviation by the Federal Aviation
Administration via rationing of take-off and landing rights and
controlling scheduling in the name of safety.
The Principle: The transportation industry should not be treated
differently from any other industry, and should be governed by free
markets and held to strict liability.
Solutions: We call for the dissolution of all government agencies
concerned with transportation -- including the Department of
Transportation, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Federal Aviation
Administration, the National Transportation Safety Board, the Coast
Guard, and the Federal Maritime Commission -- and the transfer of their
legitimate functions to competitive private firms. We demand the return
of America's railroad system to private ownership. We call for the
privatization of airports, air traffic control systems, public roads and
the national highway system.
Transitional Action: As interim measures, we advocate an
immediate end to government regulation of private transit organizations
and to governmental favors to the transportation industry. In
particular, we support the immediate repeal of all laws restricting
transit competition such as the granting of taxicab and bus monopolies
and the prohibition of private jitney services. We urge immediate
deregulation of the trucking industry.
Poverty and Unemployment
Government fiscal and monetary measures that artificially foster
business expansion guarantee an eventual increase in unemployment rather
than curtailing it. Government programs are inefficient, paternalistic,
demeaning and invasive of privacy.
The Principle: The proper source of help for the poor is the
voluntary efforts of private groups and individuals. No worker should be
legally penalized for lack of certification, and no consumer should be
legally restrained from hiring unlicensed individuals.
Solutions: We seek the elimination of occupational licensure,
which prevents human beings from working in whatever trade they wish. We
call for the abolition of all federal, state and local government
agencies that restrict entry into any profession, such as education and
law, or regulate its practice. We oppose all government welfare, relief
projects and "aid to the poor" programs.
Transitional Action: We call for the immediate cessation of such
fiscal and monetary policies, as well as any governmental attempts to
affect employment levels. We support repeal of all laws that impede the
ability of any person to find employment, such as minimum wage laws,
so-called "protective" labor legislation for women and
children, governmental restrictions on the establishment of private
day-care centers, and the National Labor Relations Act. We deplore
government-fostered forced retirement, which robs the elderly of the
right to work. To speed the time when governmental programs are replaced
by effective private institutions we advocate dollar-for-dollar tax
credits for all charitable contributions.
Recent decades have witnessed growing government involvement in the
health care system. That involvement has led to bureaucratic top-down
management, rapidly escalating prices, costly regulations, the
criminalization of the practice of medicine and a host of other
problems. None of these problems was prevalent prior to the time when
government began to increase its involvement. We believe that government
involvement is the principal cause of many of the problems we face in
the health care system today. The high cost of health insurance is
largely due to government's excessive regulation of the industry.
The Principle: We recognize the right of individuals free from
government interference and its harmful side effects to determine the
level of insurance they want, the level of care they want, the care
providers they want, the medicines and treatments they will use and all
other aspects of their medical care. Government's role in any kind of
insurance should only be to enforce contracts when necessary, not to
dictate to insurance companies and consumers which kinds of insurance
contracts they may voluntarily agree upon.
Solutions: We favor restoring and reviving a free market health
care system. We advocate a complete separation of medicine from the
State. We support an end to government-provided health insurance and
health care. Both of these functions can be more effectively provided in
the private sector.
Transitional Action: We oppose any government restriction or
funding of medical or scientific research.
We oppose government control of resource use through eminent domain,
zoning laws, building codes, rent control, regional planning, urban
renewal, or purchase of development rights with tax money. Such
regulations and programs violate property rights, discriminate against
minorities, create housing shortages, and tend to cause higher rents.
All government restrictions upon private use or voluntary transfer of
water rights or similar despotic controls can only aggravate the
misallocation of water. Forced surface-mining of privately homesteaded
lands, in which the government has reserved surface mining rights for
itself, is a violation of the rights of the present landholders.
The Principle: Resource management is properly the responsibility
and right of the legitimate owners of land, water and other natural
resources. We recognize the legitimacy of resource planning by means of
private, voluntary covenants.
Solutions: We advocate the establishment of an efficient and just
system of private water rights applied to all bodies of water, surface
and underground. Such a system should be built upon a doctrine of first
claim and use. The allocation of water should be governed by
unrestricted competition and unregulated prices. We also advocate the
privatization of government and quasi-government water supply systems.
Only the complete separation of water and the State will prevent future
water crises. We call for the homesteading or other just transfer to
private ownership of federally held lands.
Transitional Action: The construction of government dams and
other water projects should cease, and existing government water
projects should be transferred to private ownership. We favor the
abolition of the Bureau of Reclamation and the Army Corps of Engineers'
civilian functions. We also favor the abolition of all local water
districts and their power to tax. We oppose any use of executive orders
invoking the Antiquities Act to set aside public lands. We call for the
abolition of the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service.
We oppose creation of new government parks or wilderness and recreation
areas. Such parks and areas that already exist should be transferred to
non-government ownership. Pending such just transfer, their operating
costs should be borne by their users rather than by taxpayers.
America's free market in agriculture, the system that feeds much of the
world, has been plowed under by government intervention. Government
subsidies, regulation and taxes have encouraged the centralization of
agricultural business. Government export policies hold American farmers
hostage to the political whims of both Republican and Democratic
administrations. Government embargoes on grain sales and other obstacles
to free trade have frustrated the development of free and stable trade
relationships between peoples of the world.
The Principle: Farmers and consumers alike should be free from
the meddling and counterproductive measures of the federal government --
free to grow, sell and buy what they want, in the quantity they want,
when they want.
Solutions: Farmers, ranchers and all other purveyors of goods and
services in the agricultural free market must operate unhindered by
government regulation, while being policed by private sector consumer
protection agencies for quality, and held strictly liable by government
only against fraud and deception.
Transitional Action: The agricultural problems facing America
today are not insoluble. Government policies can be reversed. Five steps
can be taken immediately:
a.) abolition of the Department of Agriculture;
b.) elimination of all government farm programs, including price
supports, direct subsidies and all regulation on agricultural
c.) deregulation of the transportation industry and abolition of the
Interstate Commerce Commission;
d.) repeal of federal inheritance taxes; and
e.) an end to government involvement in agricultural pest control. A
policy of pest control whereby private individuals or corporations bear
full responsibility for damages they inflict on their neighbors should
Occupational Safety and Health
The arbitrary and high-handed actions of the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration invade property rights, raise costs and unjustly
impose upon the business community.
The Principle: This law denies the right to liberty and property
to both employer and employee, and interferes in their private
Solutions: Private sector consumer activism groups must be
created to replace ineffective government agencies like OSHA.
Transitional Action: We call for the repeal of the Occupational
Safety and Health Act.
Social Security is a bankrupt, immoral pyramid-scheme that has trillions
of dollars of unfunded liabilities and yields below average returns for
those trapped in it. Any financial advisor who suggested investing in a
program like this would go to jail, but the members of Congress get off
The Principle: In a free society, retirement planning is the
responsibility of the individual, not the government.
Solutions: We favor replacing the current fraudulent, virtually
bankrupt, government sponsored Social Security system with a private
Transitional Action: Pending that replacement, participation in
Social Security should be made voluntary. Victims of the Social Security
tax should also have a claim against government property.
The present postal system, in addition to being inefficient, encourages
government surveillance of private correspondence.
The Principle: In a free society, people should be able to choose
whatever postal service meets their needs.
Solutions: We propose the abolition of the government Postal
Transitional Action: Pending abolition, we call for an end to the
monopoly system and for the allowing of free competition in all aspects
of postal service.
We recognize that the Civil Service is inherently a system of concealed
patronage, which entrenches a permanent and growing bureaucracy upon the
The Principle: The concept of "career bureaucrat" is
anathema to true liberty. We promote the Jeffersonian concept of
"citizen statesman" and would extend it to those performing
"necessary public service" functions, as long as those are not
being provided by the private sector.
Solutions: We therefore recommend a return to the Jeffersonian
principle of rotation in office.
Transitional Action: We propose the abolition of the Civil Service
Electoral systems matter. Many state legislatures have established
gerrymandered districts and prohibitively restrictive laws that
effectively exclude alternative candidates and parties from their
rightful places on election ballots. Such laws wrongfully deny ballot
access to political candidates and groups, and further deny the voters
their right to consider all legitimate alternatives. Various laws enable
the federal and state governments to control the elections of their own
administrators and beneficiaries, thereby further reducing
accountability to citizens.
The Principle: Elections at all levels should be in the control
of those who wish to participate in or support them voluntarily. As
private voluntary groups, political parties should be allowed to
establish their own rules for nomination procedures, primaries and
conventions. No state has an interest to protect in this area except for
the fair and efficient conduct of elections.
Solutions: We propose electoral systems that are more
representative of the electorate at the federal, state and local levels.
There should be no state or federal restriction of ballot access. Voters
may submit their own choices including the option of using
"tickets" or cards printed by candidates or political parties.
Transitional Action: End government control of political parties,
consistent with First Amendment rights to freedom of association and
freedom of expression. We urge repeal of the Federal Election Campaign
Act and the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act, which suppress voluntary
support of candidates and parties. Primary elections should be returned
to political party convention rather than being a taxpayer subsidized
public event. Add the alternative "none of the above" to all
ballots. In the event that "none of the above" receives a
plurality of votes in any election, either the elective office for that
term should remain unfilled and unfunded, or there shall be a new
election in which none of the losing candidates shall be eligible. In
order to grant voters a full range of choice in federal, state and local
elections, we propose proportional voting systems with multi-member
districts for legislative elections and instant runoff voting (IRV) for
single winner elections. To avoid fraud and manipulation, electronic
voting systems must use a voter verified paper ballot as the ballot of
count, recount, audit and record.
People are forced to be subject to governments and to participate in
their programs, usually as providers of financial support, regardless of
their wishes to the contrary.
The Principle: As all political association must be voluntary, we
recognize the right to political secession. This includes the right to
secession by political entities, private groups or individuals. Exercise
of this right, like the exercise of all other rights, does not remove
legal and moral obligations not to violate the rights of others.
Solutions: We support the right of political entities, private
groups and individuals to renounce their affiliation with any
government, and to be exempt from the obligations imposed by those
governments, while in turn accepting no support from the government from
which they seceded.
Transitional Action: As a transition step, we support the right
of political entities, private groups and individuals to renounce their
participation in any government program, and to be exempt from the
obligations imposed by that program, while in turn accepting no benefit
from the program from which they seceded.
IV. Foreign Affairs
American foreign policy should seek an
America at peace with the world and the defense -- against attack from
abroad -- of the lives, liberty, and property of the American people on
American soil. Provision of such defense must respect the individual
rights of people everywhere.
The principle of non-intervention should
guide relationships between governments. The United States government
should return to the historic libertarian tradition of avoiding entangling
alliances, abstaining totally from foreign quarrels and imperialist
adventures, and recognizing the right to unrestricted trade, travel, and
The Issue: Intervention
by the government in Washington in the affairs of other nations is
an attempt to impose our values on those nations by force.
The Principle: The important principle in foreign policy
should be the elimination of intervention by the United States
government in the affairs of other nations.
Solutions: We favor a drastic reduction in cost and size of
our total diplomatic establishment. We would negotiate with any
foreign government without necessarily conceding moral legitimacy to
Transitional Action: We favor the repeal of the Logan Act,
which prohibits private American citizens from engaging in
diplomatic negotiations with foreign governments.
International Travel and
The Issue: We
recognize that foreign governments might violate the rights of
Americans traveling, living or owning property abroad, just as those
governments violate the rights of their own citizens. Any effort,
however, to extend the protection of the United States government to
U.S. citizens when they or their property fall within the
jurisdiction of a foreign government involves potential military
intervention. In particular, the protection of the foreign
investments of U.S. citizens or businesses is an unjust
The Principle: We condemn all such property-rights
violations, whether the victims are U.S. citizens or not. We call
upon the United States government to adhere rigidly to the principle
that all U.S. citizens travel, live and own property abroad at their
Solutions: We look forward to an era in which American
citizens and foreigners can travel anywhere in the world without a
passport. We aim to restore a world in which there are no passports,
visas or other papers required to cross borders.
Transitional Action: American embassies should inform our
citizens that they are subject to the laws of foreign countries when
they travel or invest in those countries. Our government cannot
insulate citizens from foreign laws when they travel abroad; our
embassies cannot assume the responsibility of protecting citizens
from the consequences of their own conduct while visiting nations
outside the United States.
We condemn the violations of human rights in all nations around the
world. We particularly abhor the widespread and increasing use of
torture for interrogation and punishment. The violation of rights
and liberty by other governments can never justify foreign
intervention by the United States government. Today, no government
is innocent of violating human rights and liberty, and none can
approach the issue with clean hands.
The Principle: We recognize the right of all people to resist
tyranny and defend themselves and their rights. We condemn the use
of force, and especially the use of terrorism, against the innocent,
regardless of whether such acts are committed by governments or by
political or revolutionary groups. Only private individuals and
organizations have any place speaking out on this issue.
Solutions: We call upon all the world's governments to fully
implement the principles and prescriptions contained in this
platform and thereby usher in a new age of international harmony
based upon the universal reign of liberty.
Transition: Until a global triumph for liberty has been
achieved, we support both political and revolutionary actions by
individuals and groups against governments that violate rights. In
keeping with our goal of peaceful international relations, we call
upon the United States government to cease its hypocrisy and its
sullying of the good name of human rights.
Participation in any form of world or international government
threatens the sovereignty of the United States, its citizens and its
The Principle: The sovereignty of individual rights is
preserved only by minimal government, and subservience to a world
government is totalitarianism of a more severe form than to a
Solutions: We oppose U.S. government participation in any
world or international government. We support withdrawal of the
United States government from, and an end to its financial support
for, the United Nations. We oppose any treaty under which individual
rights would be violated.
Transitional Action: Specifically, we oppose any U.S. policy
designating the United Nations as policeman of the world, committing
U.S. troops to wars at the discretion of the U.N., or placing U.S.
troops under U.N. command.
The potential use of nuclear weapons is the greatest threat to all
the peoples of the world, not only Americans. Thus, the objective
should be to reduce the risk that a nuclear war might begin and its
scope if it does.
The Principle: Any U.S. military policy should have the
objective of providing security for the lives, liberty and property
of the American people in the U.S. against the risk of attack by a
foreign power. This objective should be achieved as inexpensively as
possible and without undermining the liberties it is designed to
Solutions: U.S. weapons of indiscriminate mass destruction
should be replaced with smaller weapons, aimed solely at military
targets and not designed or targeted to kill millions of civilians.
We call for the replacement of nuclear war fighting policies with a
policy of developing cost-effective defensive systems. Accordingly,
we oppose any future agreement which would prevent defensive systems
on U.S. territory or in Earth orbit.
Transitional Action: We call on the U.S. government to
continue negotiations toward multi-lateral reduction of nuclear
armaments, to the end that all such weapons will ultimately be
eliminated, under such conditions of verification as to ensure
multi-lateral security. During arms reduction negotiations, and to
enhance their progress, the U.S. should begin the retirement of some
of its nuclear weapons as proof of its commitment. Because the U.S.
has many more thousands of nuclear weapons than are currently
required, beginning the process of arms reduction would not
jeopardize American security. We call on the U.S. government to
remove its nuclear weapons from Europe. If European countries want
nuclear weapons on their soil, they should take full responsibility
for them and pay the cost. We call for the withdrawal of all
American military personnel stationed abroad, including the
countries of NATO Europe, Japan, the Philippines, Central America
and South Korea. There is no current or foreseeable risk of any
conventional military attack on the American people, particularly
from long distances. We call for the withdrawal of the U.S. from
commitments to engage in war on behalf of other governments and for
abandonment of doctrines supporting military intervention such as
the Monroe Doctrine.
Presidential War Powers
Recent Presidents have -- on their own through declarations of
"states of emergency" and with the assistance of Congress
via the War Powers Act -- expanded the role of Commander-in-Chief of
the Armed Forces to assume the power to wage limited (and not so
limited) war without the Constitutionally required explicit
Declaration of War by Congress. These wars often occur in secret,
funded and/or operated by the CIA, NSA, and other agencies not
directly accountable to the People.
The Principle: The role of Commander-in-Chief, correctly
understood, confers no additional authority on the President.
Solutions: We favor a Constitutional amendment limiting the
presidential role as Commander-in-Chief to its original meaning,
namely that of the head of the armed forces in wartime.
Transitional Action: We call for the reform of the
Presidential War Powers Act to end the President's power to initiate
military action, and for the abrogation of all Presidential
declarations of "states of emergency." There must be no
further secret commitments and unilateral acts of military
intervention by the Executive Branch.
The federal government has used foreign aid as a tool of influencing
the policy of other sovereign nations under the guise of aiding
needy people in those nations. This forces American taxpayers to
subsidize governments and policies of which they may not approve.
The Principle: Individuals should not be coerced via taxes
into funding a foreign nation or group.
Solutions: All foreign aid should be voluntarily funded by
individuals or private organizations.
Transitional Action: Eliminate all tax-supported military,
economic, technical and scientific aid to foreign governments or
other organizations. Abolish government underwriting of arms sales.
Abolish all federal agencies that make American taxpayers guarantors
of export-related loans, such as the Export-Import Bank and the
Commodity Credit Corporation. End the participation of the U.S.
government in international commodity circles that restrict
production, limit technological innovation and raise prices. Repeal
all prohibitions on individuals or firms contributing or selling
goods and services to any foreign country or organization, unless
such provision constitutes a direct threat to the people of the
The federal government's involvement in international currency
markets undermines the stability of the dollar, artificially
inflates and deflates the currency and undermines the free market.
The Principle: Individuals voluntarily trading in free
markets should be the only determining factor in the value of goods
Solutions: The government involvement in international money
markets along with the Federal Reserve System should cease, and
private sector trading should be the only influence in the value of
Transitional Action: The United States must withdraw from all
international paper money and other inflationary credit schemes, and
from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. We strongly
oppose any bailout of foreign governments or American banks by the
United States, either by means of the International Monetary Fund or
through any other governmental device.
Governments and international groups claim the right to unowned
resources that they have no jurisdiction over, imposing those claims
against individuals by force.
The Principle: Individuals have the right to homestead
unowned resources, both within the jurisdictions of national
governments and within such unclaimed territory as the ocean,
Antarctica and the volume of outer space.
Solutions: We oppose any recognition of fiat claims by
national governments or international bodies to unclaimed territory.
We urge the development of objective international standards for
recognizing homesteaded claims to private ownership of such forms of
property as transportation lanes, broadcast bands, mineral rights,
fishing rights and ocean farming rights.
Transitional Action: All laws, treaties and international
agreements that would prevent or restrict homesteading of unowned
resources should be abolished. We specifically hail the U.S. refusal
to accept the proposed Law of the Sea Treaty because the treaty
excluded private property principles, and we oppose any future
United States colonialism has left a legacy of property
confiscation, economic manipulation and over-extended defense
The Principle: People have the right to govern themselves as
they see fit, without fearing that a large nation will simply take
control of them.
Solutions: While the United States should be willing to
accept expansion through other nations and territories petitioning
for statehood, we must not coerce any nation or people into
"unity" through military or economic action.
Transitional Action: We favor immediate self-determination
for all people living in colonial dependencies -- such as American
Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands --
to free these people from U.S. dominance, accompanied by the
termination of subsidization of them at taxpayers' expense. Land
seized by the U.S. government should be returned to its rightful
Intervention in the affairs of other countries has provoked
resentment and hatred of the United States among many groups and
nations throughout the world. In addition, legal barriers to private
and personal aid (both military and economic) have fostered internal
The Principle: The United States should not inject itself
into the internal matters of other nations, unless they have
declared war upon or attacked the United States, or the U.S. is
already in a constitutionally declared war with them.
Solutions: End the current U.S. government policy of foreign
intervention, including military and economic aid, guarantees, and
diplomatic meddling. Individuals should be free to provide any aid
they wish that does not directly threaten the United States.
Transitional Action: Voluntary cooperation with any economic
boycott should not be treated as a crime. End all limitation of
private foreign aid, both military and economic. Repeal the
Neutrality Act of 1794, and all other U.S. neutrality laws, which
restrict the efforts of Americans to aid overseas organizations
fighting to overthrow or change governments. End the incorporation
of foreign nations into the U.S. defense perimeter. Cease the
creation and maintenance of U.S. bases and sites for the
pre-positioning of military material in other countries. End the
practice of stationing American military troops overseas. We make no
exceptions to the above.
Government has historically asserted a monopoly on space
The Principle: Voluntary, peaceful use of outer space should
not be regulated by government. Space related activity is not a
proper function of any government except for the protection of the
terrestrial borders of that nation and its people located within
Solutions: We support all peaceful, private, voluntary
attempts to explore, industrialize and colonize any
Transitional Action: We support the privatization of the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Our silence about any other particular
government law, regulation, ordinance, directive, edict, control,
regulatory agency, activity, or machination should not be construed to